Learn Tense

Learn Tense Step by Step – Best Way to Study

You should learn tense if you are preparing for the competitive exams. Tenses play an essential role in solving the question paper. Here is the brief about all categories of the present, past, and future tense.

Rules for Present Tense 

Rules for Present Tense

1. Present Indefinite Tense

The present indefinite tense is used when “something is happing in the current moment.” -s and -es are used depending upon the persons involved in the conversation.

Very simple rules are followed while making simple present tenses are:

Symbol: त, ह

Rules Followed:

  1. 1st form of the verb is used
  2. 1st form of verb + s or es with 3rd person singular
  3. Do, Does + 1st Form of the Verb

Examples:

  1. I Play – मैं खेलता हूँ ।
  2. She goes to school – वह स्कूल जाती है ।
  3. You play – तुम खेलत हो ।
  4. He sings a song – वह गाना गाता है ।

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2. Present Perfect Tense

This tense is used for the action taken in the past at an indefinite time. To structurize this sentence first has/have is used depending on persons followed the subject of the sentence and the past tense of the main verb.

Rules followed in writing a present perfect tense is:

Symbol: चुका है, चुकी है, और चुके हैं

Rules Followed:

  1. Has or have
  2. 3rd Form of the Verb

Examples:

  1. I have sent him a letter.
  2. Price has risen again.
  3. You have become a father now.
  4. Our boss has canceled a meeting.

Tenses

3. Present Continuous Tense

The tense is used for the actions started in the past, continuing in the present, and may or may not be continued in the future too. It helps to add some enthusiasm to the sentence and makes its structure stronger and more reflective for the listener.

Rules followed in writing a present continuous tense is:

Symbol: रहा है, रही है, और रहे हैं

Rules Followed:

  1. Is, Am, or Are
  2. 1st Form of the Verb
  3. +ing

Examples:

  1. I have sent him a letter.
  2. Price has risen again.
  3. You have become a father now.
  4. Our boss has canceled a meeting.

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4. Present Perfect Continuous Tense

It is also known as the present progressive tense used when an action was taken in the past and continued. These sentences may be used for the wars or peace being continued for years.

Rules followed in writing a present perfect continuous tense is:

Symbol: रहा है, रही है, कोई समय + से

Rules Followed:

  1. Has been or have been depending on persons
  2. 1st form of the verb
  3. + ing
  4. Since or For

Examples:

  1. I have been waiting for Ravi for three hours.
  2. I have been waiting for Shikha for two hours.
  3. She has been worshipping since Monday.

Present Perfect Continuous

Rules for Past Tense

1. Past Indefinite Tense

The actions occurred in the past and ended in the past only, like someone asking you about what you ate last weekend or where you went on your last summer vacation. It can also be used for representing the feelings of someone.

Very simple rules are followed while making simple past tenses are:

Symbol: आ, ई, ये, या था, ता था, ती था, और ते था

Rules Followed:

  1. Did + 1st form of the verb
  2. 2nd form of the verb

Examples:

  1. They came – वे लोग आये ।
  2. I went – मैं गया ।
  3. He helped me – उसने मेरी मदद की ।
  4. You came – तुम आये ।
  5. He went to Patna – वह पटना गया ।

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2. Past Perfect Tense

This tense is also known as “Plue Perfect Tense.” It is used to talk about actions that occurred in the past and finished at some time in the past. For example, imagine you were reading a magazine in the morning and completed it. Now, you are telling your friends that you have read a magazine.

Rules followed in writing a past perfect tense is:

Symbol: चुका था, चुकी थी, चुके थे, या था, यी थी, और ये थे

Rules Followed:

  1. Had
  2. 3rd Form of the Verb

Examples:

  1. I had told him.
  2. I had asked him.
  3. He had given me a promise.
  4. We had gone there once.

Tenses

3. Past Continuous Tense

The second name of tense is past progressive tense. This tense is used to reflect the action taken in the past and was continued for some time. For example, you have started a journey and continued for 3 or 4 hours. +ing is used to present the progressive form of the tense.

Rules followed in writing a past continuous tense is:

Symbol: रहा था, रही थी, और रहे थे

Rules Followed:

  1. Was or Were
  2. 1st Form of the Verb
  3. +ing

Examples:

  1. He was going to school.
  2. You were going to school.
  3. We were starving by hunger.
  4. I was making the food.

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4. Past Perfect Continuous Tense

It is also known as the past perfect progressive tense. The tense represents a state that occurred in the past and continued for a longer time. Had been with since or for is used to make an effective sentence.

Rules followed in writing a past perfect continuous tense is:

Symbol: रहा था, रही थी, रहे थे, समय, और से आता है

Rules Followed:

  1. Had been
  2. 1st form of the verb
  3. + ing
  4. Since or For

Examples:

  1. I had been waiting in the park since morning.
  2. She had been singing songs for one hour.
  3. We had been going to school since Wednesday.
  4. I had been watching such a book for a long time.
  5. I had been teaching English for 15 years.

Past Perfect Continuous

Rules for Future Tense

1. Future Indefinite Tense

The tense is used to talk about the action that will occur in the future. If your vacations are over and you have to go to school tomorrow, you will use future indefinite tense. Irrespective of the singular or plural, the rules followed to frame sentences are the same.

Very simple rules for making simple future tenses are:

Symbol: गा, गे, और गी

Rules Followed:

  1. Shall or Will
  2. 1st form of the verb

Examples:

  1. When will you inform me about this?
  2. How will he mislead me?
  3. I will go to school.
  4. He will speak English with her.

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2. Future Perfect Tense

It is used for an action that will occur soon and will end after a few days on an approximate fixed time or date. For example, if an individual is going on vacation today and ask your cousin to come on this evening and take care of your dog for a few days until you come back.

Rules followed in writing a future perfect tense is:

Symbol: चुकेगा, चुकेगी, चुकोगे, चुका होगा, चुकी होगी, और चुके होंगे

Rules Followed:

  1. Shall have or Will have
  2. 3rd Form of the Verb

Examples:

  1. This bus will have left.
  2. He will have headed this news.
  3. I will have read this book twice by then.
  4. I will have read this book by the end of this month.

Tenses

3. Future Continuous Tense

The future progressive tense is used when action will occur in the future and continued for a long period. For example, you will take admission in a course that will start after one month and end over sex months. Use Will or shall with “ing” to write a perfect sentence.

Rules followed in writing a future continuous tense is:

Symbol: रहा होगा, रही होगी, रहे होंगे, और रहा हूँगा

Rules Followed:

  1. Shall be or Will be
  2. 1st Form of the Verb
  3. +ing

Examples:

  1. He will be studying.
  2. I will be teaching this time tomorrow.
  3. You will be speaking English very soon.
  4. He will be coming.

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4. Future Perfect Continuous Tense

The other name of tense is future perfect continuous tense. It is used when an activity is occurring, and it will continue for a specified period. The activity can occur in the future, or it has occurred for a long time and will end in the future at any specified time.

Rules followed in writing a future perfect continuous tense is:

Symbol: रहा होगा, रही होगी, रहे होंगे, रहा हूँगा, समय, और वाक्य के साथ “से”

Rules Followed:

  1. Shall have been or Will have been
  2. 1st form of the verb
  3. + ing
  4. Since or For + time + by + time

Examples:

  1. The mother will have been reading the book for ten minutes.
  2. The boys will have been playing cricket on the ground for an hour.
  3. The mother will have been dancing to the food for an hour.

Future Perfect Continuous

We hope that information has helped you in finding the best way to learn tense effectively.

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