What’s the scientific names of all the vitamins?

What’s the scientific names of all the vitamins?

*_💁🏼‍♂👉विटामिन तथा उनके रासायनिक नाम📚📚_*

👉 *विटामिन*- *A*
रासायनिक नाम : रेटिनाॅल
कमी से रोग: रतौंधी
स्त्रोत : 🥕गाजर,🥛 दध, 🥚अण्डा ,🍓फल🍉

👉 *विटामिन* – *B1*
रासायनिक नाम: थायमिन
कमी से रोग: बेरी-बेरी
स्त्रोत : 🥜मगफली, आलू, 🥦सब्जीयाँ🍆

👉 *विटामिन* – *B2*
रासायनिक नाम: राइबोफ्लेबिन
कमी से रोग: त्वचा फटना, आँख का रोग
स्त्रोत : 🥚अण्डा,🥛 दध,🥦 हरी सब्जियाँ

👉 *विटामिन* – *B3*
रासायनिक नाम: पैण्टोथेनिक अम्ल
कमी से रोग: पैरों में जलन, बाल सफेद
स्त्रोत :🍗 मांस🍖,🥛 दध, 🍅टमाटर, मुँगफली🥜

👉 *विटामिन*- *B5*
रासायनिक नाम: निकोटिनेमाइड (नियासिन)
कमी से रोग: मासिक विकार (पेलाग्रा)
स्त्रोत : 🍗मांस🍖, 🥜मगफली, आलू

👉 *विटामिन*- *B6*
रासायनिक नाम: पाइरीडाॅक्सिन
कमी से रोग: एनीमिया, त्वचा रोग
स्त्रोत : 🥛दध, 🍗मांस,🥦 सब्जी🍆

👉 *विटामिन* – *H / B7*
रासायनिक नाम: बायोटिन
कमी से रोग: बालों का गिरना , चर्म रोग
स्त्रोत : यीस्ट, गेहूँ, 🥚अण्डा

👉 *विटामिन* – *B12*
रासायनिक नाम: सायनोकोबालमिन
कमी से रोग: एनीमिया, पाण्डू रोग
स्त्रोत : 🍗मांस, 🍖कजेली, 🥛दध

👉 *विटामिन*- *C*
रासायनिक नाम: एस्कार्बिक एसिड
कमी से रोग: स्कर्वी, मसूड़ों का फुलना
स्त्रोत : आँवला, 🍋नींबू, 🍑सतरा, 🍊नारंगी

👉 *विटामिन* – *D*
रासायनिक नाम: कैल्सिफेराॅल
कमी से रोग: रिकेट्स
स्त्रोत :☀️ सर्य का प्रकाश,🥛 दध, अण्डा🥚

👉 *विटामिन* – *E*
रासायनिक नाम: टेकोफेराॅल
कमी से रोग: जनन शक्ति का कम होना
स्त्रोत: 🥦हरी सब्जी, 🍚मक्खन, दूध🥛

👉 *विटामिन*- *K*
रासायनिक नाम: फिलोक्वीनाॅन
कमी से रोग: रक्त का थक्का न बनना
स्त्रोत: 🍅टमाटर, 🥦हरी सब्जियाँ, 🥛दध

VITAMIN A:

Chemical names: Retinal, retinol, and four carotenoids, including beta carotene.

  • It is fat soluble.
  • Good sources include: Liver, cod liver oil, broccoli, carrots, sweet potato, kale, butter, spinach, pumpkin, collard greens, some cheese, egg, apricot, cantaloupe melon and milk.
  • Deficiency may cause night-blindness and keratomalacia, an eye disorder that results in a dry cornea.

2. VITAMIN B

Chemical name: Thiamine.

  • It is water soluble.
  • Good sources include: pork, yeast, cereal grains, brown rice, sunflower seeds, whole-grain rye, asparagus, kale, cauliflower, potatoes, oranges, liver and eggs.
  • Deficiency may cause beriberi and wernicke-korsakoff syndrome.

3. VITAMIN B2:

Chemical name: Riboflavin

  • It is water soluble.
  • Good sources include: asparagus, persimmons, bananas, okra, chard, cottage cheese milk, milk, meat, yogurt, eggs, fish, and green beans.
  • Deficiency may cause ariboflavinosis.

4. VITAMIN B3:

Chemical names: Niacinamide, niacin

  • It is water soluble.
  • Good sources include: Heart, liver, kidney, chicken, beef, fish(tuna, salmon), eggs, milk, avocados, dates, tomatoes, leafy vegetables, broccoli, carrots, sweet potatoes, asparagus, nuts, whole-grains, legumes, mushrooms, and brewer’s yeast.
  • Deficiency may cause pellagra, with symptoms of dermatitis, diarrhea, and mental disturbance.

5. VITAMIN B5:

Chemical name: Pantothenic acid

  • It is water soluble.
  • Good sources include: Whole grains (milling may remove it), meats, broccoli, royal jelly, avocados and fish ovaries.
  • Deficiency may cause paresthesia, or “pins and needles”.

6. VITAMIN B6:

Chemical names: Pyridoxamine, pyridoxine, pyridoxal.

  • It is water soluble.
  • Good sources include: Bananas, meats, whole-grains, vegetables, and nuts. When milk is dried, it loses about half of its B6. Freezing and canning can also reduce content.
  • Deficiency may cause peripheral neuropathy, anemia, or damage to parts of the nervous system other than the brain and spinal cord.

7. VITAMIN B7:

Chemical name: Biotin

  • It is water soluble.
  • Good sources include: liver, egg yolk, some vegetables.
  • Deficiency may cause dermatitis or enteritis, or inflammation of the intestine.

8. VITAMIN B9:

Chemical names: Folinic acid, folic acid.

  • It is water soluble.
  • Good sources include: legumes, leafy vegetables, liver, baker’s yeast, some fortified grain products, and sunflower seeds. Several fruits have moderate amounts, as does beer.
  • Deficiency during pregnancy is linked to birth defects. Pregnant woman are encouraged to supplement folic acid for the entire year before becoming pregnant.

9. VITAMIN B12:

Chemical names: Hydroxocobalamin, cyanocobalamin, methylcobalamin.

  • It is water soluble.
  • Good sources include: shellfish, meat, fish, poultry, eggs, milk and dairy products, some fortified cereals and soy products, as well as fortified nutritional yeast.
  • Deficiency may cause megaloblastic anemia, a condition where bone marrow produces unusually large, immature red blood cells, abnormal.

Vegans are advised to take B12 supplements.

10. VITAMIN C:

Chemical name: Ascorbic acid

  • It is water soluble.
  • Good sources include: vegetables and fruits. The kakadu plum and the camu camu fruit have the highest vitamin C contents of all foods. Liver also has high levels. Cooking destroys vitamin C.
  • Deficiency may cause megaloblastic anemia.

11. VITAMIN D:

Chemical names: Cholecalciferol, ergocalciferol.

  • It is fat soluble.
  • Good sources include: Exposure to ultraviolet B (UVB) through sunlight or other sources causes vitamin D to be produced in the skin. Also found in fatty fish, beef liver, eggs, and mushrooms.
  • Deficiency may cause rickets and osteomalacis, or softening of the bones.

12: VITAMIN E:

Chemical names: Tocotrienols, tocopherols

  • It is fat soluble.
  • Good sources include: Almonds, kiwi fruit, avocado, milk, eggs, nuts, leafy green vegetables, unheated vegetable oils, wheat germ, and whole-grains.
  • Deficiency is uncommon, but it may cause hemolytic anemia in newborns. This is a condition where blood cells are destroyed and removed from the blood too early.

13. VITAMIN K

Chemical names: Menaquinones, phylloquinone.

  • It is fat soluble.
  • Good sources include: Avocado, leafy green vegetables, kiwi fruit, parsley contains a lot of vitamin K.
  • Deficiency may cause bleeding diathesis, an unusal susceptibility to bleeding.

 

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